They are often broiled or grilled "on the half shell" as filets with skin and scales left on. Life History. Golden hued, with fin tips of orange-ish red that give it one of its many names, puppy drum are hard striking and tough fighting fish with firm, white meat that hints of sweetness. Bottom line: I think the Squall 12 with the 2-8oz Star Stellar Lite is a great pompano, mullet, puppy drum, and flounder set up. Hybrid growth was more rapid than either parent. It feeds at the bottom on crustaceans and mollusks. I have never tried BU. Its not the greatest but it is edible. GZIP: On. Catching a trophy grade red drum is a dream that some saltwater anglers never achieve. During winter and spring the diet consists primarily of fish. This resulted in a huge demand for commercially caught red drum that were targeted both in offshore state waters and the exclusive economic zone (EEZ). Fish can reach over 46", 120 pounds and 60 … Thanks for the reminde[…]. We dont catch many anyway since we fish artificials although they will hit lures. The red drum is easily distinguished from the black drum (Pogonias cromis) by its lack of chin barbels, more elongated body, and the presence of a large black spot on either side of the tail just ahead of the fin. Red drum are dark red and orange in color with several black spots on … They may live to an age of 40 years or more. Ive eaten fresh and saltwater fish my whole life and I would eat a BU just as fast as any other. Because red drum tolerate a wide range of salinity and water temperature, they are found in all types of water from freshwater to the open Gulf to the lower reaches of coastal rivers. The blue disappears as the fish ages. The red drum is related to the black drum (Pogonias cromis), and the two species are often found near to each other; they can interbreed and form a robust hybrid, and younger fish are often indistinguishable in … However, many juvenile fish remain in estuarine waters. It is the only species in the genus Pogonias. We all know and love our state fish, the red drum, but there is another behemoth drum out there, the largest of the Sciaenidae family, the black drum. Scientists believe that the black spot near their tail helps fool predators into attacking the red drum's tail instead of their head, allowing the red drum to escape. (Examples of shallow water feeding behavior are provided in the video references below.) Red drum are delicious when fried, broiled, smoked, and incorporated into dishes such as redfish courtbouillon. With similar flavor and faster growth, hybrid drum have potential for commercial mariculture. "Historically, Gulf-wide reported annual red drum landings usually varied between 1 and 3 million pounds until the mid 1980s when “blackened redfish” became popular. Red Drum caught at Ship Island, Mississippi. I was hopin[…], Heard you loud and clear! Males and females show similar growth and size patterns. Much of the taboo I think comes from the simple fact that they dont hit artficals a lot (they will however) and many have labeled them as trash fish because of this. Younger black drum have dark vertical stripes on their sides; red drum never have stripes. Red drum are subject to a variety of external and internal parasites, none of which pose a threat to humans. Funny how people from different areas have such different likes . The University of Southern Mississippi | College of Science and Technology I want to try both it and Whiting asap as i have heard both are tasty. After fileting and removing the throats, the carcass can be used to make a rich, flavorful stock. Mississippi Department of Marine Resources website. Red drum tolerate salinity from freshwater to levels higher than the open Gulf of Mexico. While visually unappealing, the worms are not harmful. Red drum are a regulated game fish. However, a red drum with no spots at all is extrememely rare. Where the bottom is muddy and the water is brackish, red drum have a dark copper color. Their range on the Atlantic coast may extend as far as Massachusetts, though red drum are relatively rare north of Chesapeake Bay. Anglers refer to catching each species during a single trip as a "grand slam.". Saltwater - Presented by Slowride Guide Services, Bass Fishing - Presented by Mariner Sails, Kayak Rigging - Presented by Hook1 Kayak Fishing Gear, General Discussions(Request Access to the General Discussion Usergroup). Young Black Drum have the same taste and cooking properties as the closely related Red Drum. Spawning takes place in the waters Several species of worms, collectively referred to by the descriptive term "spaghetti worms" are commonly encountered by fishermen while cleaning red drum, speckled trout, and black drum. The Red Drum, also known as the Redfish or Channel Bass, has a reddish overall coloration and one or more dark spots at the base of the tail. As they lower their heads, their tails may be exposed at the surface. GCRL researchers Robin Overstreet and Richard Heard conducted a detailed investigation of the diet of red drum in Mississippi Sound - Food of the Red Drum, Sciaenops Ocellata, From Mississippi Sound. Thоugh most of these saltwater fish are gеnеrаllу found in the 5-30 lb. While it is possible to fish for red drum on light tackle, you should usually use a surf rod that is rated for medium action and a strong line such as a fluorocarbon or braided line. Red drum are opportunistic feeders and have been known to eat sand dollars, small nutria, snakes, turtles, and ducklings. The color of red drum varies with the type of water they inhabit. Males mature as early as age one, with all males being mature by age three. Red drums are an excellent food fish up to a weight of about ten pounds. Several jack crevalle are present at the edges of the school. Female red drum begin reaching reach sexual maturity at age three, with all fish being mature by age six. It has a blunt snout with a large sub-terminal mouth similar to most species in the Sciaenidae family. Male red drum congregate and produce a drumming sound by vibrating their swim bladders with a special muscles alongside it, similar to rubbing a finger over a balloon. As mentioned their diet contributes a lot to their taste. Black Drum Fish Homely Fish Or Overlooked Beauty Weight. Red drum may reach five feet in length and a weight of 90 pounds. In Mississippi, the daily recreational creel limit is three fish, with a minimum total length of 18". Center for Fisheries Research & Development, Background and courtship recording of other species, Aspects of the Biology of the Red Drum, Sciaenops ocellatus, in Mississippi, Red Drum - Natural History and Fishing Techniques in South Carolina, Current Mississippi saltwater fishing regulations. Reds are found in coastal waters from the Gulf of Mexico, along Florida and north to New England. These fish appear silvery to reddish-copper color. Only one fish over 30" in length may be kept. Both are primarily crustacean eaters, and the prey they consume helps to … The mouth is located beneath the head. Red drum live in coastal and estuarine waters from Massachusetts to Mexico. Large red drum (longer than about 30" in length) are commonly described as "bull reds," even though many of the larger fish are actually females. They remain in the water column for about 20 days. Degradation and destruction of the estuarine habitat are potential threats. The harvest of red drum in federal waters is prohibited. This angler shows the differences, with the red on the left and the drum on the right The black drum (Pogonias cromis), or Channel Bass, is a saltwater fish similar to its cousin, the red drum. Give me a 20in Drum any day over a Red. On June 25, 1986, the Secretary of Commerce implemented an emergency rule limiting the commercial catch in the exclusive economic zone to one million pounds amid concerns that the stock would collapse. Juveniles have 4 or 5 broad, dark vertical bars on the body. Redfish are quite easy to identify. Their head is straight in profile with a somewhat conical cross section. Mississippi red drum grow slightly faster during their early age. Juvenile red drums are particularly attracted to the edges on marshes and seagrass beds. The "throats" of red drum are very meaty and should be harvested and enjoyed. Biologists believe red drum develop black spots, usually one on each side of the tail, as an antipredator mechanism. I've eaten pup drum before. The red drum is a cousin to the black drum, and the two species are often found in the same vicinity. Sorry to HJ this thread, but if I were to eat a BU--how big and ugly is just right? In Mississippi waters, red drum spawn from late September through November. Halfshell drum are awesome..... if you think black drum are good, you should try a sheepie on the half shell. Red drum print by local artist and angler. I worked in many different fine dining restaurants in the Baton Rouge area throughout college and every one of them served black drum … Red drum are known as active feeders, following the current and the food source. Havent tried it either though since they are such a pain to clean but its on my list of things to try. A taste panel failed to identify differences in flavor between the three fishes. Red drum will take prey from the water column and even from the surface when the opportunity arises. Red drum are noted for being willing to take a variety of lures and baits and for being strong fighters. I agree, I think drum are much better to eat, I just wished I could catch more of them. Both are primarily crustacean eaters, and the prey they consume helps to give their meat a rich, "shrimpy" flavor. Source: The red drum can be distinguished from the closely related black drum (Pogonias cromis) by its lack of barbels. Cleaning them is difficult but not much more than reds.15-26 fried or half shell..its all good. Heavy Tackle for Fishing Red Drum. I think that reel had the black brakes in it. Black drum are a member of the croaker family of fish, which includes red drum, spotted seatrout, and of course Atlantic croaker. Light Tackle vs. Summary Report of the Red Drum Special Working Group for the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council. Red drum spawn offshore. As with other gamefish, the dark red meat near the skin (sometimes called a mud line) should be removed along with the skin to improve flavor and reduce contaminants. Click for larger image. On the northern Gulf coast, red drum are popularly regarded as one of the "big three" of sportfish, along with spotted seatrout (speckled trout) and flounder. Red drum often feed in very shallow water. The red drum is easily distinguished from the black drum (Pogonias cromis) by its lack of chin barbels, more elongated body, and the presence of a large black spot on either side of the tail just ahead of the fin. View entire discussion (8 comments) More posts from the Fishing community (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); - All times are UTC-04:00 - Drumming activity increases as dusk and spawning takes place during the night. I think black drum - like a 24"er is arguably the most fine-flavored inshore SW fish I have ever tasted. Summary Report of the Red Drum Special Working Group for the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council. Typical growth rates for young red drum. And if I had to choose between red snapper and a plateful of butterfly drum I would be hard-pressed. Cajun Blackened Red Drum Fish Recipe 1/4 cup butter, melted 1 tsp cayenne pepper 1 tsp freshly ground black pepper 1 tsp lemon pepper 1 tsp garlic powder 1 tsp kosher salt 4 (4oz) red fish fillets 1-1/4 cups Italian salad dressing PREHEAT oven to 350 degrees. In Mississippi, beginning in September or October, red drum larvae come to rest in shallow water among seagrasses that provide shelter from predators and tides. Close the new window to return here. yeah, something's wrong when you have to ban yours[…], I really appreciate all the responses. Harvest figures from subsequent years indicate that the measures have been successful, with recent annual harvests as much as two to three times those of the late 1980s. Red drum can survive water temperatures from 36 °F to nearly 100 °F, though rapid temperature changes may be fatal. They are redish to bronze in color with a white belly. (There may be additional spots elsewhere on the body.) Federal waters in the Gulf of Mexico were closed in 1987 and have remained closed to both red drum recreational and commercial fishing (Porch 2000). And if I had to choose between red snapper and a plateful of butterfly drum I would be hard-pressed. This 37" red drum had more than 970 spots per side. Red Drum, know scientifically as Sciaenops ocellatus, also go by other names like Channel Bass, Puppy Drum, Red Bass or most commonly, Redfish. It is the only species in the genus Pogonias. In deeper water, red drum often lie in depressions behind sandbars or troughs where they wait for tidal currents to push prey toward them. Age vs. length for red drum. Adult red drum are aggressive and opportunistic feeders that take a variety of prey, primarily shrimp, blue crabs, fish, and polychaete marine worms. Older fish tend to lose their excess spots. The slot size for black drum is 14-30 and I had always heard that small is better for drum. Schooling Red Drum. This is true about 95% of the time, black drum is way cheaper than redfish and most people never know the difference and in fact would say that the drum tastes better. Approximate weight vs. length relationship for red drum in Mississippi. Larval red drum feed on plankton. So I need a BIG Whiting and a ___" Big Ugly. They get their name from the drumming, or croaking, sound that they make, which is supposedly for attracting mates. Data and formulas are from studies conducted by TPWD and other scientific groups All lengths are total lengths unless fork length (FL) or lower jaw to fork length (LJFL) is indicated. Common external parasites of red drum include several species that resemble small streamers attached to the fish by one end. In a small bowl, add the cayenne, black and lemon pepper, garlic powder and salt - set aside. The commercial catch of redfish in Mississippi waters is subject to the same length limits, with an annual quota of 35,000 pounds for the commercial fishery. Bottle-nosed dolphins are the primary predators of red drum and may take even the largest adult fish. This fish is a member of the croaker family and is related to the Atlantic croaker, red drum, and spotted seatrout. I agree with Strider, black drum has a milder sweet flavor. A single female red drum can produce as many as two million eggs at a time (more than a quart). A redfish is called a red, spot tail, channel bass or red drum for its bright copper bronze body, according to the website Rod and Reel. Their tolerance for variations in temperature and salinity contribute to successful aquaculture. Red drum can be successfully acclimated to freshwater. However, little is known about the effects of human encroachment into estuarine habitat on red drum populations. The whole "you can't eat drum" thing is a purely social taboo, and has nothing to do with flavor or nutritional value. The Avet is a combination of the two - fast out of the gate, but with the mags at 2-3, they engage at just the right time and keep fluff to a minimum. Along marsh edges, red drum can sometimes be detected as they move among the march grasses and cause them to move. Smaller red drum (up to about 20" in length) are often called "rat reds.". Populations and harvests of red drum on the Gulf coast declined substantially during the 1980s, prompting more stringent harvest regulations. After reaching maturity, female red drum are found almost exclusively to the south of the barrier islands. The larvae develop offshore and then migrate into inshore nursery areas where they mature. (There may be additional spots elsewhere on the body.) Red drum, broiled "on the half shell" with simple Cajun spices. As they near sexual maturity, they return to offshore waters. I would go with black drum just because you can keep the smaller "puppy" drum and their meat is really good. The following text and graph are from the "Summary Report of the Red Drum Special Working Group for the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council," 2010. Love both!! When I filet my catch, red and black drum go into the same pile. Red drum are most vulnerable as larvae and juveniles. Contents Copyright © 2020 Gulf Coast Research Laboratory. The black drum is distinguished from similar species by the unusually large spine in the anal fin and numerous barbels on the chin. It is suggested that fish over 15 pounds be returned to the water, as they are very difficult to IUCN Red Listed LC (Least Concern). Spawning takes place offshore, often near barrier island passes. By age one, red drum may gradually move into the Gulf with the arrival of cold weather, returning to shallower water in the spring. If your bait or lure isn’t in the right place at the right time, you won’t be catching that black drum. Black drum survival was 94%, red drum survival was 63%, and hybrid survival was 72%. It has been shown that the abundance of red drum is directly related to the extent of the estuarine area nearby. They are delicious fried or smoked. They are clear and contain tiny oil droplets which provide flotation and nourishment for the larva, in addition to that provided by the yolk sac. I grew up in the Tampa Bay area in Florida and as a kid , everyone said that black drum were a trash fish and smoked mullet was the best . The caudal fin is slightly concave. The eggs are carried through the island passes and inshore by tides and currents. What is Red Drum? Each link opens in a new window. They have at least one large black spot on the tail (hence the name spottail bass). Younger black drum have dark vertical stripes o… Redfish is really good fried but the bigger ones get worms bad too. There are large pavement like teeth in the throat that are used to crush shellfish. The name "drum" comes from the ability of the male red drum, and the males of its drum family relatives such as the spotted seatrout and black drum, to produce a deep drumming sound by contracting muscles on either side of the swim bladder. The sound is used during courtship and sometimes when a fish is distressed. The body color is typically an iridescent silvery gray, bronze or copper on the sides and whitish on the belly. I think black drum - like a 24"er is arguably the most fine-flavored inshore SW fish I have ever tasted. Most red drum reach sexual maturity during their fourth year, when they are about 30 to 37 inches long. Commonly eaten fish include menhaden, mullet, pinfish, sea robin, lizardfish, spot, Atlantic croaker, and flounder. As they grow, they move further into the estuary. The larvae live off their attached yolk sac for about three days and then begin to feed on plankton. Commercial harvesting of red drum is prohibited in other Gulf coast states. Feeding habits change during the year. Havent had texas whiting but florida whiting are good. Mature female red drum are seldom found in Mississippi waters north of the barrier islands. Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, 703 East Beach Drive, Ocean Springs, MS 39564 | (228) 872-4200 | AA/EOE/ADAI  Red drum are robust, elongated fish with moderately compressed bodies. There are one or more dark spots near the base of the caudal fin or tail. Growth rates vary with location; Gulf coast fish typically grow faster than fish in other locations. Red drum are related to black drum, spotted seatrout, weakfish, mullets and croakers, most of which also make drumming sounds. During summer and fall, more crabs and shrimp are eaten. Website Comments | In-Touch!

red drum vs black drum

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